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If you sustained injuries due to someone else’s negligence, you could seek compensation. While it’s possible to settle without an attorney, having one by your side can maximize your recovery.
Personal injury attorneys usually receive a percentage of the final settlement or court award. The percentage an attorney receives will depend on a variety of case specific factors. Fortunately, if you fail to settle or win a court judgment, you usually don’t need to pay attorney fees.
Let’s take a closer look at what lawyers can earn when working on your personal injury case.
A contingency fee is a commission an attorney receives after the case concludes. It usually varies, depending on the lawyer and the complexity of the claim. (More about that later.) Once you receive the settlement, you need to pay the agreed amount to the attorney.
When you hire a personal injury lawyer, you sign a contract. In this contract, you will find the contingency fee. At this point, you could negotiate the percentage with the law firm. However, most experienced attorneys have a set fee for specific cases.
An attorney receives the contingency fee only if they are successful in obtaining a recovery. If you lose the case, a law firm doesn’t get any money.
Agreeing not to receive any money if the case is lost may seem like a serious risk for an attorney to take.
When a person sustains injuries in an accident, medical providers are likely to bombard them with bills. Serious injuries may cause victims to face disabilities and substantial loss of income.
These people don’t always have extra money to pay for an attorney’s services. That’s why contingency fees are a great way to obtain compensation without any upfront expenses.
A contingency agreement is a contract between the lawyer and the plaintiff, which sets forth the scope of the attorney’s representation of the plaintiff. It also includes the percentage of the settlement a lawyer will receive after the case concludes.
Take the time to go over the contingency agreement to learn which other costs you may need to pay.
Many personal injury attorneys offer a free case evaluation. During this evaluation, they go over all facts and evidence available in your case. At the same time, they can set a contingency fee.
This fee can vary due to:
Not all the money attorneys receive after a settlement goes into their bank accounts. Personal injury cases require many expenses that law firms cover.
Even if your attorney works on a contingency fee basis, some variations are possible.
For example, if the case settles before going to court, an attorney may charge a lower percentage than when you have to file a personal injury lawsuit. If the lawsuit enters the trial stage, the fee could go up.
A sliding scale is a fair option for both the law firm and the client. It’s especially useful in complicated cases when lawyers have difficulty predicting outcomes.
There is a big difference between paying the contingency fee to the attorney before or after subtracting litigation costs.
For example, your settlement is $100,000 and the litigation costs are $10,000. If the law firm receives a 30 percent fee before the litigation costs, it gets $30,000. If they get the same percentage after, they get $27,000.
Common litigation costs include:
In personal injury cases, expert witness testimony may be vital to the size of your settlement. For example, a plaintiff involved in a serious car accident may suffer from PTSD. We know that this diagnosis will require long-term care and that can present financial hardships for the plaintiff well after the case has been resolved. Accordingly, your personal injury attorney will include the cost of this future care in any demand made to the insurance company.
To calculate how much money the injured plaintiff needs for covering this type of therapy, the court needs a mental health expert’s testimony. Without this testimony, you may not get fair compensation for pain and suffering.
Almost 75 percent of expert witnesses request an up-front retainer. An initial retainer fee can be upwards of $2,000. The retainer fee is usually consistent with the expert’s knowledge and experience within his or her particular field of study.
While seemingly minor, these fees tend to add up. They include copying, delivery, and messaging.
In personal injury lawsuits, attorneys work with sizable medical reports. Copying and mailing them can be costly. The more details and participants the case has, the higher administrative fees are.
In some cases, litigation can last for months or even years. If that happens, administrative fees could reach thousands of dollars.
Before the case goes to trial, an attorney subpoenas records and takes the deposition of the other case participants and witnesses. During deposition, the plaintiff, defendant, and witnesses appear in front of the court reporter and answer questions.
The cost of the deposition depends on:
For example, if a court reporter charges $5 per page and produces 70 pages an hour, the final cost of an hour-long deposition will be $350.
From filing fees to serving expenses, your lawyer may front several hundred dollars in court costs.
In many personal injury cases, you may only obtain a fair settlement by going to trial. Your attorney will evaluate the risks and advantages of such a decision and advise you accordingly. If negotiations with insurance companies or the defendant don’t go well, going to court could be the only option.
If you win your case in court, you could get a sizable compensation.
You would need to cover these expenses whether you hire an attorney or not. However, when you work with a law firm, it may pay these fees and costs. Once you get the settlement, the lawyer will subtract these expenses from the final amount.
High litigation costs are another reason to hire an experienced attorney. Without proper legal representation, you could lose your case and end up adding litigation costs to your injury-related expenses.
Currently, there is no legal limit on contingency fees in most personal injury cases.
However, California Business & Professions Code Section 6146 limits medical malpractice lawsuits to:
A California Lawyer Contingency Fee Limit Initiative may appear as an initiated state statute in November 2022. If passed, it could cap the contingency fee at 20 percent of the recovery amount. This would discourage lawyers from taking cases from injured people. Voters should reject it.
Not all attorneys agree to receive a contingency fee. Some cases may seem extremely costly to the law firm, so they may suggest another payment scheme.
It may include:
When you choose one of the above ways to pay a lawyer, you don’t get any guarantees. If you lose the case, you still have to make payments. Meanwhile, with a contingency fee, you don’t pay unless there is a settlement.
If an attorney of your choice is offering a per-hour payment scheme for your personal injury case, you may want to consider looking at other candidates. Legal fees add up quickly. Even if you win the case, you could end up with much less money than you expected.
If you sign a contingency agreement, your attorney will get the settlement check. The lawyer will notify you as soon as it arrives. The firm will keep the agreed-upon percentage and give you a detailed breakdown of what it deducts from the settlement to cover fees, costs, and expenses.
If you don’t agree with the breakdown, you can dispute it. During this time, the disputed amount will remain in the client-trust account.
Working with a personal injury lawyer on a contingency fee basis is highly beneficial. You don’t need to make any upfront payments or worry about legal expenses after the case is over. This provides an avenue for injury victims who don’t have sufficient funds to hire a lawyer.
Even the most straightforward personal injury case could become complicated down the road. Working on it without an attorney may lead to serious mistakes that could cost you a fair settlement.
A contingency fee allows you to get proper legal representation without any regular payments. If you don’t win the case, you don’t need to pay for the lawyer’s work. Knowing that you don’t owe any money unless you get a settlement makes contacting an attorney much easier.
John Gomez founded the firm alone in 2005. Today, John acts as President and Lead Trial Attorney. He has been voted by his peers as a top ten San Diego litigator in three separate fields: Personal Injury, Insurance and Corporate Litigation. Since 2000, he has recovered over $800 million in settlements and verdicts for his clients with more than 160 separate recoveries of one million dollars or more. A prolific trial lawyer, John has tried to jury verdict more than 60 separate cases.
no fees unless we recover money on your behalf
"They are experts in what they do and are a pleasure to work with."
No Fees Unless We Recover Money On Your Behalf