Gomez Trial Attorneys

Get A Free Consultation Today! 619-237-3490

Orbital Fractures: Causes, Treatment and Prognosis

An orbital fracture, or a broken bone in the eye-socket, is a common type of traumatic facial injury. The eye socket, or the orbit, surrounds the eye and protects it from external forces. The floor and nasal sides of the eye socket are paper-thin, making fractures occur frequently in any kind of impact that involves the head or face. The rim of the eye socket is a thicker bone, but it can still sustain a fracture in a high-impact collision or serious injury. Orbital fractures occur in about 10-25% of all facial fracture cases.


Orbital Rim Fractures

Orbital fractures may involve the rim of the eye socket, its floor, or both areas of the socket. An orbital rim fracture typically occurs with extensive injury or when an object directly impacts the face. Rim fractures only transpire after a large amount of force, such as the face’s collision with a car’s dashboard in an accident. Orbital rim fractures typically come in conjunction with other facial fractures and sometimes brain injuries.

Damage may affect the eye area or extend throughout the body, depending on the accident. Such damage may also result in injuries to the eye muscle, the optic nerve, the nerves in the forehead and cheeks, the tear duct, and the sinuses, in addition to orbital rim fractures. Doctors categorize orbital rim fractures into two types: zygomatic and frontal. Zygomatic fractures affect the lower edge of the rim or part of the cheekbone. Frontal bone fractures involve the upper part of the forehead.

Indirect and Direct Orbital Floor Fracture

An indirect orbital floor fracture is one that affects the thin floor of the eye socket without impacting the rim. The floor may suffer a crack or rupture completely. Indirect floor fractures can cause small holes that may trap parts of the eye muscle, inhibiting movement in the socket.

This can lead to double or blurred vision. These fractures usually happen when something larger than the eye opening strikes the eye, such as someone’s fist or a baseball. When the eye socket’s rim and floor sustain fractures in an impact, it’s called a direct orbital floor fracture.

Causes and Effects of Orbital Fractures

Around 85% of traumatic eye injuries result from accidents, and the other 15% stem from violent assaults. Common causes of orbital fractures include car accidents, sports-related injuries, trips and falls, and violence. The number of orbital fractures from car accidents has decreased significantly with the advent of seatbelts and airbags. Home repair projects and accidents involving tools can result in orbital fractures, as can pieces of debris such as chunks of lumber or rocks flying into the face.

Orbital fractures often result in swelling, bruising, black eyes, and possible areas of bleeding on the whites of the eyes. They can cause blurred vision, trouble looking around, the eye bulging from the socket or appearing sunken, numbness surrounding the injury, swelling, and cheek or forehead deformity.

Treatment and Prognosis

Treatment of an orbital fracture depends on its type and severity. Doctors typically prescribe ice packs, antibiotics, and decongestants for small fractures that do not affect eye movement, as they will heal on their own. More severe fractures may need plastic or reconstructive surgery and help from an ophthalmologist to remedy double vision. You may need surgery if the fracture results in bone fragments, trapped eye muscles, or injuries that affect appearance.

The prognosis for most orbital fractures is good. Even orbital fractures that require surgery have a high success rate and a low risk of complications or adverse side effects. Doctors will likely tell you to rest the eye and refrain from blowing your nose as the fracture heals. With the proper treatment, an orbital fracture does not result in long-term or permanent damage.


https://www.health.harvard.edu/diseases-and- conditions/eye-socket- fracture-fracture- of-the- orbit




Related Content:

Our Process... Easy as 1. 2. 3!

Call Us

We will determine your case and submit

We get to work

You will get regular update from us

Win the trial

Collect your compensation

  • “John helped me find doctors, he referred me to his neurologist, his physical therapist, I mean, anything I needed he was right there, every step of the way. I couldn’t have asked for a better result from all of this, I would absolutely recommend Gomez Trial Attorneys.”

  • “During the time I was working with Gomez Trial Attorneys, they treated me very, very well. 100% of the time, they believed me, and they were very compassionate. They felt sorry for what happened and they understood the therapy process.”

  • “They held my hand the whole time and kept me in the loop every aspect of my case which was very refreshing to me. They helped me get my settlement offer as fast as possible and I was able to keep my farm”

  • “The Gomez experience was the best experience it could be for me really, only positive things to say. They really were there every step if the way. Thanks to Gomez Trial Attorneys my dad is able to support my family as a single father”

  • “He opened the door for me to join his firm to help other brain Injury survivors and I never met another firm who is like this who was so understanding and caring who took the extra step and walked the extra mile with their clients and this is the best”

  • “I am very satisfied with the outcome with Gomez and I would definitely recommend Gomez to anybody, we tell people all the time, Get Gomez! They are really thorough with everything and they make you feel real comfortable.”

  • “Just helped us through, guided us through, I kept notes all those years, we had questions all the time and they would always keep us informed of what was going on. They just unlayered it, layer by layer, I’ve never seen anything like them. Thank God for them.”

Get your
free consultation

No Fees Until We Win


24/7 Support & Free Consultation

San Diego

(619) 237-3490

755 Front Street
San Diego, CA 92101

El Centro

(760) 259-2166

301 S 8 street

Solana Beach

(858) 400-4333



(951) 355-7770



(951) 900-3440

2 Better World Cir, Suite 220, Temecula, CA 92590

St. Petersburg

(727) 500-1076

880 21st ave n
St. Petersburg, FL 33704